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London Mayor Ken Livingston Human Rights Activist

European Slaver Travel Routes. ‘The Middle Passage’ 1450-1900 C.E

 London Mayor Suspended by the Back Door

Mayor Ken Livingston was suspended from his position  on 25th February 2006, by a Panel of Three,  for a period of four weeks, because he exchanged banter with a reporter, Oliver Finegold, of the a London based News Sheet, the “Evening Standard” during 2005.

It is alleged that the Mayor likened Oliver Finegold’s aggressive tone, in an effort to get an interview with Mr. Livingston, to that of a ‘guard at the Nazi concentration camp’. Mr. Livingston qualified this when he said that Mr. Finegold “was doing the bidding of his masters.” Mr Livingston was coming from a party at the time.

Ken Livingstone, ‘the most memorable city leader in London since Herbert Morrison,’ won two convincing victory to become Mayor of London in 2000 and 2004. The London Mayor leads the Greater London Authority (GLA), an elected body, which was established by Parliamentary statues in 2000 to provide strategic governance for London.

 The Standards Board for England, with which the Panel of Three is associated, was established by Parliament in 2001 to enforce the Local Government Code of Conduct, which covers all councillors and mayors in England. Members are appointed by the Government, namely, the Deputy Prime Minister appoints Board members and the Lord Chancellor, appoint members of the Panel, who are lawyers.

 Oliver Finegold is a member of the Jewish Community.  The Jewish Board of Deputies, the Premiere Group of the Jewish Community in Britain, filed a complaint against Ken, relating to the bantering incident.  The adjudicators’ ruled that Mayor Livingstone, 60, had brought his office into disrepute and ordered the two term popular Mayor to be suspended for four weeks, starting from 1st March 2006. This decision is unprecedented in British politics and system of democratic governance. The Mayor broke no law.

In a written response, Mayor Livingston said: "Three members of a body that no one has ever elected should not be allowed to overturn the votes of millions of Londoners." He continued, the Panel’s "decision strikes at the heart of democracy. Elected politicians should only be able to be removed by the voters or for breaking the law.” Ken is consulting his lawyers about the question of an appeal to the Royal Court of Justice. The cost to Ken so far is reported to be £80,000.  Ken insisted that he would not apologise for his remarks to Oliver Finegold. He said he was making a political comment at the time, in face of clear provocations from the ‘paparazzi’ type reporter.

It was hinted that there might have been a vendetta against Ken Livingston, coming from the Leadership of the Jewish Community in London, motivated by the Mayor support to ensuring that the voice of the minority Muslim community in London is heard, on important issues which have direct bearings on a balanced community development programme in Britain’s multi-cultural, liberal and civilised society.

This included an objective expression of interest in achieving peace with honour between the Palestinian and Israeli communities in the Middle East. In that regard, the GLA facilitated conferences and seminars in London so that Londoners will be able to make informed opinions of current affairs and geopolitical issues.

There is a danger that this decision by the  Panel against the Mayor of London will bring into sharp focus unpleasant contradictions played out worldwide recently, when images were published by European newspapers, caricaturing a World Major Religious Icon, The Prophet Mohamed, (20.4.570-8.6.632), the Founder of Islam.

Commentator often made the historically incorrect statement, that the German Holocaust was the greatest wrongs that was  done in the Second Millennium of the Common Era (C.E). That action, terrible it was, the making of  and subjugating of the African peoples to slavery over a four hundred year period, the African Holocaust, put the German experience into the shows.

It is recognised and acknowledged by people of African heritage in the United Kingdom and elsewhere that the Jewish Communities, have had a great and significant experience. 

Jewish history since the 1st century C.E. speaks for itself. The Romans sacking of Jerusalem in 70 C.E., forced the Jews into refugee status. They searched for other homes and settled in various parts of Europe. The most successful place of settlement was in the Khazar Territories, in Eastern Russia, the land of the Ashkenazim during the 8th century C.E.

By the early part of the 2nd century C.E. the Roman Empire was crumbling. Under the leadership of both Valerius Dioletianus (245-312) C.E. and Flavius Theodosius (347-395) [aka Theodosius The Great] part of that Empire was salvaged. It was Greek speaking and known as the  Byzantine Empire, ‘The Eastern Roman Empire’, with capital city at Constantinople, modern Turkey.

 

Christendom was on the ascendancy in Asia Minor, under the Leadership of the Roman Catholic Church. By the 6th century Islam was  born. Mohamed, its founder and his followers  fought various battles among his Arabic tribes to ensure that his new religion succeeded. He could no longer remain at Makka. In a relatively short time Mohammed returned from Medina to Makka [Saudi Arabia] triumphantly. Islam was on its way to influencing millions of hearts and minds across        s the known world.

 

The birth of Islam and the rising force of Christianity created a unique history for members of the Jewish community. They were able to provide valuable intellectual and commercial services to both Christians and Muslims, as the followers of Mohammed were now known.

 

There is no record in the history of the Christians or Muslims, where genocide  was against the Jews. By the 11th century C.E. the fight was between the Muslims and Christians, who engaged in what was generally known as the ‘Crusades’. These started in November 1095 and lasted for two hundred and fifty years.

 

This was a good opportunity for the Sephardic Jews, as no single group was making them centre of attention

Sultan Othman I (1258-1326) C.E.   founded the Ottoman Empire and ruled between 1289-1326. That Empire, mainly Turkish people, was based on Mohammedans’ principles. It lasted for 6th centuries, 1200-1922 C.E.

History, therefore, gave the Jews space and time to organise themselves during the Crusades. This came in the farm of a permanent home in Russian, the  Khazar Empire, the land of the Ashkenazi.

 

The Jews search for settlement resulted in their  settled in various parts of Europe. The most successful place was in the Khazar Territories, in Eastern Russia, the land of the Ashkenazim during the 8th century C.E.

 

Ashkenazim is the general definition applied to the heterogeneous branch of European Jews, excluding those of the Mediterranean area. As the term itself suggests, it referred in origin to the Jews dwelling in the Mitteleuropa, considered to be the land of Ashkenaz, but was subsequently applied in an extended manner to different Jewish communities that include German, Polish, Scandinavian, Russian and Danubian Jews among others.


The Mitteleuropean Jews sojourned in Germany, Austria and Bohemia long enough as to develop their own German-based language: Yiddish, which became the "official" tongue of all Ashkenazim Jews. It was from Germany that they emigrated eastwards and reached Russia.

When the Khazarian rulers converted to Judaism (and also before), they established religious freedom. Jews came to Khazaria from Central Asia, Caucasus, Balkans, Syria, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, and even from Western Europe. Jewish immigrants quickly outnumbered the native Jews of the kingdom.

After the fall of the Khazar Empire, the Kievan Rus' took its place and ruled over its territory. Consequently, a large number of Jews - both Khazar and non-Khazar (Israelite) - became the inhabitants of the growing Slavic-Varangian (Russian) state. Russian Jews descend mainly from Mitteleuropean Jews, while the first Polish Jews had Slavic given names typical of Bohemia and Moravia. Sephardic Jews from Spain, Portugal, and Turkey emigrated as well to Poland, Hungary and Romania and intermarried with Ashkenazim Jews.

The Jewish settlers from abroad soon outnumbered the native Jews, spreading their Yiddisch language and their customs wherever they established themselves. Besides the Ashkenazim, the great majority of the Jewry fled eastward to escape the new inquisition in Spain, and reached Ukraine, Poland and Russia, where they met with Jews who had been continuously migrating there from Germany since the 11th century C.E.

The most authentic descendants of the Khazars are to be found today among the modern Hungarians, including many Hungarian Jews, and in a lesser degree, also within Bulgarians and some peoples of the Caucasus area.

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Last up-dated 8 August 2006.

 

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Britain Commemorates  the Bicentenary

 of  The Slave Trade Abolition  Act 1807.

 

One of the Black Community’s Contributions -

 

“Cries of Our Kidnapped Afrikan Ancestors”

 

 

 

________________

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“All faith is FALSE, all faith is TRUE.

TRUTH is the shattered mirrors strewn In myriad bits; while each BELIEVES

His LITTLE BIT the whole to own.”

 

From “The Kasidah of Hji Abu el-Yezdi”, as translated by Sir Richard F. Burton

 

Home

Publications and

Reviews

 Health Issues

HIV/Aids & Creators

Profiles

(Legends in their fields)          

Education and Training

Community Matters

The Environment

Sports

Films,

Music & Entertainment

Youth & the Survival Game in Britain (YSGB)

Short Story &   Writers’ Forum

What is Pan-Africanism

Editorial

Resident and Guest Correspondents

 

______________

1807-2007

 

Britain Commemorates  the Bicentenary

 of  The Slave Trade Abolition  Act 1807.

 

One of the Black Community’s Contributions -

 

“Cries of Our Kidnapped  Ancestors”

 

 

 

________________

Beliefs and Commentaries

 

“All faith is FALSE, all faith is TRUE.

TRUTH is the shattered mirrors strewn In myriad bits; while each BELIEVES

His LITTLE BIT the whole to own.”

 

From “The Kasidah of Hji Abu el-Yezdi”, as translated by Sir Richard F. Burton